The Otway Research Facility

An innovative, world-leading project is underway in south-western Victoria demonstrating that carbon capture and storage is a technically and environmentally safe way to make deep cuts into global greenhouse gas emissions.

CO2CRC’s Otway research facility is Australia’s first demonstration of the deep geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2), the most common greenhouse gas. The project provides technical information on the injection, storage and monitoring of carbon that will influence national policy and industry while providing assurance to the community.

The $100m project is of global significance because:

  • It is the world’s largest carbon capture and storage demonstration project; with over 80,000 tonnes of CO2 injected and stored in a variety of geological formations; and
  • It includes an internationally renowned monitoring program that tests advanced technologies and techniques with the aim of reducing cost. The program is the most comprehensive of its type in the world.

Lessons learned from the project, are shared with our partners globally.


The Otway research facility

The facility demonstrates that carbon capture and storage is safe, cost-effective and meets the expectations of government and the community. We:

  • Have demonstrated CO2 capture and storage from end-to-end. We have produced, transported, injected, stored and monitored carbon dioxide following best industry standards.
  • Model how CO2 will behave below ground, demonstrating the safe storage of the gas, as predicted, and provides workflows for others to use.
  • Test if the existing regulatory environment in relation to transport, injection and geological storage of CO2 is sufficient, and as needed, help develop a future regulatory regime.
  • Create opportunities to educate and train more than 500 people per year in CCS-related activities.
  • Collaborate with the best researchers globally.
  • Have strong relationships with the community and local stakeholders about the nature, progress and outcomes of the project.



Location and site selection

Our geologists have been researching the geological structures of the CO2CRC Otway project site since 2003. They have found that the geology of the site is well suited to the geological storage of CO2.

The geology comprises a series of thick layers of porous sandstones that are suitable for the storage of carbon dioxide. It is overlain by caprock of mudstone that prevents the leakage of the carbon dioxide to the layer above it.


The CO2CRC Otway Project is located off the Great Ocean Road, around 40km from the town of Warrnambool in south-western Victoria, Australia.


Why this site?

  • A source of carbon dioxide.
  • Oil and gas tenements available.
  • Large amount of exploration and production data.
  • Existing infrastructure.
  • Gas had demonstrably been trapped for a long time.
  • Adequate storage capacity and favourable geology.


  • The facility is the world’s largest research and carbon storage demonstration project showing real-world injection, storage and monitoring techniques of 80,000 tonnes of captured CO2 over several years. Learn more…
  • It includes an outstanding CO2 monitoring program, which international scientists believe to be the most comprehensive of its type in the world. Learn more…
  • It provides an in-field opportunity for international collaborators to test new technologies. Learn more…
  • An abundant high-concentration CO2 gas field allows for real-world experiments on new capture technologies. Learn more…
  • The facility allows for testing CO2 storage capacities, the modelling of CO2 trapping, and cost-effective monitoring techniques having a direct impact on our stakeholders’ decisions. Learn more…
  • It provides a template for exceptional community consultation, ready for roll-out in other locations. Learn more…